This particular article I can say without a doubt is my most favourable amongst the rest, because I am a fan of animation overall, I took the analysis with great humility and positive interest. Through collecting a huge amount of information from variable sources of research about the history of animation as well as it’s evolutionary process that has exceeded through it’s years of graphical development.

“Animation is a graphic representation of drawings to show movement within those drawings. A series of drawings are linked together and usually photographed by a camera. The drawings have been slightly changed between individualized frames so when they are played back in rapid succession (24 frames per second) there appears to be seamless movement within the drawings (Myers, 2000).”   

What I was able to extract from my research on the history of animation, was that the movement first started in the 1900s, roughly around 1910. Where about the very first early animation sequence, was sketched and produced by the American artist J. Stuart Blackton.  

 “J. Stuart Blackton, American Artist”

  

 “The very first animation sequence”

“Pioneers of animation include Winsor McCay of the United States and Emile Cohl and Georges Melies of France. Some consider McCay’s Sinking of the Lusitania from 1918 as the first animated feature film.
Early animations, which started appearing before 1910, consisted of simple drawings photographed one at a time. It was extremely labour intensive as there were literally hundreds of drawings per minute of film. The development of celluloid around 1913 quickly made animation easier to manage. Instead of numerous drawings, the animator now could make a complex background and/or foreground and sandwich moving characters in between several other pieces of celluloid, which is transparent except for where drawings are painted on it. This made it unnecessary to repeatedly draw the background as it remained static and only the characters moved. It also created an illusion of depth, especially if foreground elements were placed in the frames (Myers, 2000).”   

The principle of animation, I shows similar traits that connects it directly back to the general theory of evolution. It is based on how a single frame for an animated sequence was multiplied by twenty four frames to make up for one second of movement, the process of this was carried out without lack of precession or lack of hard manual labour.    

What I find commendable and inspiring about the methods that they used back in those times, was the amount of physical creativity that they put into making a simple a short animation sequence. Where I can relate in terms of my work as a Graphic/ 3D Animator. Mostly I like the idea that for an animator in those days, to project ideas visually and accordingly, they would have to put in a whole lot of commitment into their work. Also I think it was down to their level of professionalism and their passion for it, which was most probably the fuel to their undying determination to get the right results. The amount of time that was spent for a short animation, came from producing hundreds of drawings literally. This has come to make me appreciate the initial concept of animation, being that I have experienced the method of frame by frame animating. By my opinion I can say in confidence that animation in general is one of the best and strongest art movements ever created.

“Walt Disney took animation to a new level. He was the first animator to add sound to his movie cartoons with the premiere of Steamboat Willie in 1928.”

“Pioneers of animation include Winsor McCay of the United States and Emile Cohl and Georges Melies of France. Some consider McCay’s Sinking of the Lusitania from 1918 as the first animated feature film.
Early animations, which started appearing before 1910, consisted of simple drawings photographed one at a time. It was extremely labour intensive as there were literally hundreds of drawings per minute of film. The development of celluloid around 1913 quickly made animation easier to manage. Instead of numerous drawings, the animator now could make a complex background and/or foreground and sandwich moving characters in between several other pieces of celluloid, which is transparent except for where drawings are painted on it. This made it unnecessary to repeatedly draw the background as it remained static and only the characters moved. It also created an illusion of depth, especially if foreground elements were placed in the frames (Myers, 2000).”

The principle of animation, I shows similar traits that connects it directly back to the general theory of evolution. It is based on how a single frame for an animated sequence was multiplied by twenty four frames to make up for one second of movement, the process of this was carried out without lack of precession or lack of hard manual labour.

 What I find commendable and inspiring about the methods that they used back in those times, was the amount of physical creativity that they put into making a simple a short animation sequence. Where I can relate in terms of my work as a Graphic/ 3D Animator. Mostly I like the idea that for an animator in those days, to project ideas visually and accordingly, they would have to put in a whole lot of commitment into their work. Also I think it was down to their level of professionalism and their passion for it, which was most probably the fuel to their undying determination to get the right results. The amount of time that was spent for a short animation, came from producing hundreds of drawings literally. This has come to make me appreciate the initial concept of animation, being that I have experienced the method of frame by frame animating. By my opinion I can say in confidence that animation in general is one of the best and strongest art movements ever created.

“Gerie The Dinosaur, First full length Animation sequence”

“Walt Disney took animation to a new level. He was the first animator to add sound to his movie cartoons with the premiere of Steamboat Willie in 1928.”

“Steam Boat Willie, First sound animation”

“The Steam Boat Willie was one of the most iconic animations of the twentieth century, because it was the first animation to use synchronised sound with motion. This brought about a whole new perspective in how animation was made. From this animation starring the Walt Disney representative (Mickey Mouse), the Disney Company grew exponentially through their years of making cartoon animations (Wikipedia, 2010).” 

I think what made the animation give such an impact, is how unlike any over animation produced around that period Which was how it took the viewers on a journey of unexpected situations that were inventive and different, as well as long length. 

“In 1937, he produced the first full length animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.”

“Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

“Being one of the most influential animated films of all time, the animation Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was a financial success. So much so that it enabled Disney to continue making animated films. The concept of the story was so original that  it lead the way for all over Disney classics .

It is because the story was so original and fresh that the studio reused the story formula of Snow White – an innocent young heroine, a powerful, mature villainess, comical sidekicks, a dashing hero and true love prevailing in the end – in following animations such as; Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty and The Little Mermaid. The success of the film’s use of expressionism ensured its use as a storytelling device in later Disney films, particularly Pinocchio and Fantasia. The story pattern also influenced live-action films, including The Wizard of Oz and Citizen Kane (Allan, 2010).”

What I like most about the story formula used to portray the animation Snow White is how it had such an impact on the making of animated films that it created an influential pattern for other stories to be told. Also I like the idea of how the studio was able to take formula to the story and re-create it through other various animations. The fact that they chose to not let the story pattern die out but to push it to a further extension, I find shows professional thinking in the area of storytelling.

With the development of computers, animation took on a whole new meaning. Many feature films of today had animation incorporated into them for special effects. A film like Star Wars by George Lucas would rely heavily on computer animation for many of its special effects.

“Toy Story, produced by Walt Disney Productions and Pixar Animation Studios, became the first full length feature film animated entirely on computers when it was released in 1995 (Myers, 2000).”

“Toy story, 1995”

“Toy Story, Disney’s most innovative feature-length film to date, is not only a landmark in computer animation, but also manages to retain the action-packed plot line and light-hearted comedy that have given Disney a virtual stranglehold on children’s films. Toy Story is the definitive showcase of the power of computer animation (Wuy, 2010).”

Toy Story has been a source of inspiration for me since day one, and from then I have grown to understand the amount of hard work and innovative action that was taken to create it. What I admire the most about Toy Story is that it took people to a new setting of visual graphics, which allowed not only children but adults to think more imaginative. I also find that the initial story combined with the computer animated graphics, set up the perfect presentation using the skills of professional animators and fusing that with the purity of a child’s imagination.

Bibliography

Paul Myers. (2000). FI. http://www.fi.edu/fellows/fellow5/may99/History/history.html

Wikipedia. 2010. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Age_of_American_animation

Audrey Wuy. (2010). Tech, Mit. http://tech.mit.edu/V115/N61/toystory.61a.html

Robin Allan. (2010). Disney Wikia. http://disney.wikia.com/wiki/Legacy_of_Snow_White_and_the_Seven_Dwarfs

Image1,2&3. http://www.inkwellimagesink.com/pages/articles/CentennialOfAmericanAnimation.shtml

Image4. http://www.jurassicparkterror.com/othermovies.shtml

Image5. http://sandycrum.com/images/gertie.jpg

Image6&7. Cartoon review site. 2003. http://www.cartoonreviewsite.com/series/mm/sw.htm

Image8. Impawards. Face3Media. 2010. http://www.impawards.com/1937/snow_white_and_the_seven_dwarfs.html

Image9. EKD. 2010. www.ekd.com/filmcard/1674

 

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